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This Difficult Individual
Eustace Mullins — and the
Remarkable Ezra Pound
— and the Remarkable Ezra Pound
March 20, 2010
year my friend Eustace Mullins passed away. He had been ailing for some time —
at least since I first met him in 2006. Hopefully he is in a better place
made a huge mark on the nationalist community here in the United States, but
also has a following in Europe and Japan. For those who have not read his books,
Mr. Mullins attempted to expose the criminal syndicates that manipulate
governments and the international financial system.
Mullin's most sparkling claim to fame was his partnership with Ezra Pound in
order to write Secrets of the Federal Reserve —
probably the most well-known exposé of how our government really
life is all sunshine and light. While Mr. Mullins' work is among the most famous
in the nationalist community, it is also some of the worst researched. He often
fails to reference where he uncovered the material in his books. While Mr.
Mullins was very perceptive of historical trends, his insights were sometimes
overshadowed by unbalanced statements.
wishing to quote Eustace's books in their own writing make themselves an easy
target for reasonable critics or hate organizations like the ADL. In this way,
Mr. Mullins has done more harm to the movement than
I learned this
the long way. Having read Secrets, I drove down to
Staunton, VA in the summer of 2006 and spent an afternoon talking with Mr.
Mullins. My goal was to find the origin of several stories and statements which
I could not reference from the text. Mr. Mullins was an elderly gentleman and he
couldn't remember where he had found any of the material I was interested in. He
simply replied: “It's all in the Library of Congress. Back then they would let
me wander the stacks.”
So I moved to D.C., a few blocks from the library and spent the better part of two years trying to retrace Mr. Mullins' footsteps. Prior to this I had had several years' experience as a researcher and was used to trying to find the proverbial “needle in a haystack.” They wouldn't let me wander around the book storage facility (the stacks), but I scoured the catalog for anything that might contain the source for Mr. Mullins' statements. I couldn't verify any of the information in question.
Sadly, I realized that it would never be good practice to quote Mr. Mullins. But I hadn't wasted the time. I know more about the Federal Reserve now than most people who work there and I learned about the fantastic Mr. Pound.
Ezra Pound is
among the most remarkable men of the last 120 years. He made his name as a poet
and guided W. B. Yeats, T.S. Elliot and E. Hemingway on their way to the Nobel
Prize (back when it meant something). He is the most brilliant founder of
Modernism — a movement which sought to create art in a more precise and succinct
form. Modernism can be seen as a natural reaction to the florid, heavy Victorian
sensibility — it is not the meaningless abstractions
we are assaulted with today.
Born in Idaho,
Pound left the United States for Europe in 1908. In London he found an audience
of educated people who appreciated his poetry. He married Dorothy Shakespear, a
descendant of the playwright.1 Pound also befriended some of the most brilliant artists of
the time and watched them butchered in the First World War.
Gaudier-Brzeska, a sculptor and one of Ezra's best
friends, was one of these sacrifices. The Great War changed Pound's outlook on
life — no longer content with his artistic endeavors alone, he wanted to find
out why that war
The answer he got bought him 12 years as a political prisoner in St. Elizabeth's Hospital in Anacostia, just across the river from the Capitol in Washington D.C. Pound was never put on trial but was branded a traitor by the post-war American media.
did Pound find? Our wars begin and end at the instigation of the international
financial houses. The bankers make money on fighting and rebuilding by controlling credit. They colonize
nations and have no loyalty to their host countries' youth or culture. No
sacrifice is too great for their profit.
Pound's work chronicles the effect of this parasitic financial class on
societies: from ancient China to modern-day Europe. Pound was a polyglot and
scoured numerous (well-documented) sources for historical background. The
education that Mullins' work promises is delivered by the truckload in Pound's
writing. Pound often lists his sources at the end of his work — and they always
Eustace Mullins got to know Pound during the poet's time as a political prisoner. He was introduced to Pound by an art professor from Washington's Institute of Contemporary Arts which, in Mullins' words, “housed the sad remnants of the 'avant-garde' in America.”
Mr. Mullins, Pound took to him and commissioned Eustace to carry on his work
investigating the international financial system. Pound gave Eustace an American
dollar bill and asked him to find out what “Federal Reserve”
printed across its top meant. Secrets, many
derivative books, and thousands of conspiracy websites have sprung from that
federal reserve note.
And here is
where the story goes sour. Pound was a feared political prisoner incarcerated
because of what he said in Italy about America's involvement with the
international bankers and warmongering. Pound was watched twenty four hours a
day and was under the supervision of Dr. Winfred Overholser, the superintendent
of the hospital.
employed by the Office of Strategic Services (the CIA's forerunner) to test
drugs for the personality-profiling program, what would be called MK-ULTRA. (See
John Marks' The
Search for the "Manchurian Candidate": The CIA and Mind
Control.) Personality profiling was St. Elizabeth's bread and
butter: The asylum was a natural ally to the agency.
Overholser was also a distinguished professor in the Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Department of George Washington University. This department provided students as test patients for the Frankfurt Schools' personality profiling work, which the CIA was very interested in. Prophets of Deceit, first written by Leo Löwenthal and Norbert Guterman in 1948, reads like a clumsy smear against Pound.
It does seem odd that a nationalist student would be allowed to continue the work of the dangerously brilliant Pound right under Winny's nose. The story gets even stranger, as Mr. Mullins describes his stay in Washington during this time. He was housed at the Library of Congress — apparently he lived in one of the disused rooms in the Jefferson building and became good friends with Elizabeth Bishop.
Bishop was the Library of Congress' “Consultant in Poetry” — quite a plum position. She was also identified by Frances Stonor Saunders as working with Nicolas Nabokov in Rio de Janeiro. Nabokov was paid by the CIA to handle South American-focused anti-Stalinist writers. (See The Cultural Cold War.) If what Saunders says is true, then it puts Eustace in strange company at that time of his life.
According to the CIA's in-house historians, the Library was also a central focus for intelligence gathering after the war, so it is doubly unlikely that just anybody would be allowed to poke around there after hours.
motivation for letting Mullins in to see Pound was, the result has been that
confusion, misinformation and unverifiable literature have clouded Pound's
message about the financial industry's role in war. Fortunately Pound did plenty
of his own writing.
According to Eustace, his relations with Pound's relatives were strained after Pound's release from prison. Pound moved back to Italy where he died in 1972. He was never the same after his stay with Overholser in St. E's. The St. Elizabeth's building is slated to become the new headquarters of the Department for Homeland Security.
on to write many, many books about the abuses of government, big business and
organized religion. They are very entertaining and are often insightful, but are
arsenic from a researcher's point of view. A book that contains interesting
information without saying where the information came
from is worse than no book at all.
While lackadaisical about references in his own writing, Mr. Mullins could be extremely perceptive and critical of the writing of others. I once told him how much respect I had for George Orwell's daring to write 1984 — to which he sharply replied: “It's a great piece of pro-government propaganda — they win in the end.” Mr. Mullins is of course right: Orwell's Big Brother is always one step ahead, almost omniscient — and therefore invincible.
Eustace Mullins was much more than a writer. He became a political activist and befriended many prominent people in the American nationalist movement. But Mr. Mullins didn't have much faith in American nationalism: It is a movement, he told me, that the government would never let go anywhere.
Beatrice (email her) is a writer and historian living in Burlington, VT.