Category Archives: Fascism

“The Book and the Rifle”: Cultural and Racial Policy in Fascist Italy, Part 3

Eugenics and Racial Policy Tarquini devotes substantial attention to race and eugenics in Italian culture under Fascism. She notes that the Fascist government gave Italian eugenic scientists support and attention which they had never enjoyed under previous regimes: From 1922 to 1945 Italian scientists contributed to racial culture and policy. These included anthropologists, statisticians, demographers, […]

“The Book and the Rifle”: Cultural and Racial Policy in Fascist Italy, Part 2

Go to Part 1. Intellectual Debate in Fascist Italy Tarquini emphasizes that culture in Fascist Italy was by no means monolithic, but allowed considerable stylistic variation and intellectual debate so long as these respected core Fascist principles. Indeed, Fascists emphasized that being a Fascist was more about a certain manly mindset than about theoretical abstractions. […]

“The Book and the Rifle”: Cultural & Racial Policy in Fascist Italy, Part 1

Storia della cultura fascista (Bologna, Italy: Il Mulino, 2011) by Alessandra Tarquini Since World War II, the very word “fascism” has always conjured up images of evil in the cultural and political mainstream. This is largely because the fascists lost that war and, as we know, the victors write the history books. It is also […]