Exodus Redux: Jewish Identity and the Shaping of History

Andrew Joyce, Ph.D.


“Under the pretext of recording fables and current reports about the Jews, he [Manetho] took the liberty of introducing some incredible tales, wishing to represent us as…condemned to banishment from Egypt.”
Flavius Josephus, Against Apion

I’ve been intrigued by the story of the Israelite Exodus from Egypt for more than a decade. More than any of its close rivals, including the tale of Haman in the Book of Esther, the Exodus looms large as an early and extremely influential psychological landmark in the lachrymose and highly dubious pseudo-history of the Jewish people. Most obviously, the putative liberation from Egypt is commemorated by Judaism every year, in the form of the Pesach, or Passover festival. Indeed, this festival is one of the most important features of the Jewish religious calendar. Historian Paul Johnson remarks that Exodus “became an overwhelming memory” and “gradually replaced the creation itself as the central, determining event in Jewish history.”[1]

Exodus has a power that exists independently from the trappings of religious myth, acting through the centuries as a defining narrative of victimhood, group vindication, and self-validation. Jews living under the Tsar produced endless Yiddish plays and satires containing barely concealed allusions to the Tsar as the latest incarnation of Pharaoh.[2] Exodus is a foundation upon which Jewish identity, as well as Jewish religiosity, is built, and for this reason it has greatly preoccupied even the most atheistic of Jews, Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud among them. Moses, as a subconscious archetype, squats in the shadows of the Jewish psyche.

The early reception of Exodus by non-Jews also plays an important role in the Jewish worldview, in the sense that the “virus” of “anti-Semitism” is said to have originated in response to it. In this regard, there is an almost universal consensus among Jewish intellectuals that the earliest origins of “anti-Semitism” can be traced to the writings of an Egyptian priest allegedly offended by the account of the Israelite escape from Pharaoh. The theory relates specifically to a history of Egypt, the Aegyptiaca, written by an Egyptian priest named Manetho around the third century BC. Although the Aegyptiaca is lost to us, we are able to piece together much of its contents based on subsequent rebuttals by later Jewish writers such as Flavius Josephus, and also references to the text by several Greek and Greek-Egyptian intellectuals.

In summary, Manetho reported that centuries earlier a foreign population had entered Egypt’s eastern border via “infiltration of the Delta.” This foreign population subsequently rose in power within Egypt, becoming a burden and a pestilence to the natives. At some point, the foreign population developed a serious disease of the skin, and the Egyptians were finally motivated to expel the invaders, who later relocated to Jerusalem.

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Manetho’s narrative certainly provoked some of the earliest examples of Jewish apologia. His account filtered through the ages and was taken up by the Hellenized Egyptian Apion the Alexandrian (30–20 BC – c. AD 45–48), in turn provoking a polemical text by Jewish historian Flavius Josephus (AD 37 – c. AD 100) titled simply Against Apion. In this text, Josephus remarked dismissively that “Under the pretext of recording fables and current reports about the Jews, he [Manetho] took the liberty of introducing some incredible tales, wishing to represent us as…condemned to banishment from Egypt.” It is interesting that Josephus was most concerned with rejecting the accusation that the Jews had a skin affliction, and was quite prepared to accept that Egyptian hostility was based on “the original grievance of the domination of our [Jewish] ancestors over their country.”

Today, historians are almost unanimous that Manetho was a malicious originator of anti-Jewish libels. Paul Johnson’s philo-Semitic A History of the Jews is a good example in this respect, though his treatment of ancient Jewish history is full of contradictions. For example, Johnson acknowledges that proto-Jewish populations were highly problematic for Egyptian authorities. Referencing the Amarna letters (dated to 1389–1358 BC), Johnson concedes that ancient Egyptian accounts referred to a Hebrew called Labaya or Lion Man who “caused great difficulties for the Egyptian authorities and their allies…[H]e was hard to control, a nuisance. He eventually met a violent death in the reign of Pharaoh Akhenaten.”[3]

Johnson further adds that only part of the Hebrew nation ever lived in Egypt, “a fifth column within the land” that played a crucial part in the broader geo-political strategies of the group.[4] Even setting aside the supernatural elements inherent in the Exodus tale, Johnson also appears to concede the unlikelihood of a Jewish-instigated departure since it would represent “a successful revolt and escape of a slave-people, the only one recorded in antiquity.”[5] Despite these acknowledgements, Johnson describes Manetho’s account of the expulsion of proto-Jewish infiltrators out of Egypt and into Jerusalem as a “fundamental matrix of anti-Semitism, the Ur-libel.”[6]

Jewish academic activist Robert Wistrich, now deceased, described Manetho as “malevolent” and “one of the first anti-Semitic polemicists of Antiquity.”[7] Kenneth Roseman argues that Manetho “disseminated virulently anti-Semitic propaganda.”[8] Ernest Abel called the Egyptian priest “the father of anti-Semitic literature.”[9] A special 1985 edition of Jewish Social Studies labelled Manetho “the first literary exponent of the anti-Jewish trend in Graeco-Roman Egypt and as the man who was instrumental in creating, or at least in popularizing, some of the oft-recurring anti-Semitic motifs.”[10]

In order to explain why Manetho may have constructed his “Ur-libel,’ Wistrich referred to a wider atmosphere in Alexandria in which Jews were in “socio-political competition with the Hellenized Egyptians.”[11] In the midst of this competition, Jews had come to be seen as exclusivist, unpatriotic, possessing dual loyalties, and possessing a “position of privilege, wealth, and power.”[12]

These accusations were given their most enduring articulation by leading intellectuals of the day, including Apion, Lysimachus, and Chaeroman, who acted as one of Nero’s instructors.[13] Antipathy towards Jews was so rife that even after the conquest of Judea, both Titus and Vespasian would refuse to adopt the honorary title “Judaicus.”

Manetho was thus, by modern academic consensus, merely the first to register the first grumblings of a jealous, intolerant non-Jewish civilization.

While non-Jewish grievances during this period are viewed by academic gatekeepers with great scepticism and alarm, Jewish self-aggrandizement from the same era is accepted without contest. Just as Manetho is said to have borrowed from Exodus for his Aegyptiaca, so every Hellenistic writer was alleged to have merely grafted ideas from an intellectually superior Judaism. On the contrary, in my own summation, Jews didn’t interact with Greek culture in Alexandria in any manner other than the co-option of its achievements.

This is of course the timeless phenomenon of Jewish cultural chauvinism, built on the re-writing of history. Academic activist Simon Schama writes that, in Alexandria, many Jewish writers and philosophers argued that Judaism “was the ancient root and Hellenism the young tree. Zeus was just a paganized version of the Almighty YHWH, and Moses was the ultimate moral legislator from whom all ethical law-giving had originally sprung. The Jewish Aristobulus of Paneas, writing in the mid-second century BC, wanted his readers to believe that Plato had painstakingly studied the Torah and that Pythagoras owed his theorem to ancient Jewish learning.”[14] This is the ancient root of the familiar drive to perpetuate the idea of “Jewish genius,” a theme now well-documented here at TOO (e.g., my “Pariah to Messiah: The Engineered Apotheosis of Baruch Spinoza” for a discussion of how Jewish intellectuals have rewritten the history of the Enlightenment to be the result of Jewish influence).

Although the narratives coterminous with the Exodus fable remain bloated and inert within the academic corpus, I wish to draw the attention of readers to a quite remarkable book published in 2006. Largely ignored by the gatekeepers of academia, Russell Gmirkin’s Berossus and Genesis, Manetho and Exodus: Hellenistic Histories and the Date of the Pentateuch represents nothing less than a multi-front assault on both the Jewish interpretation of Manetho and the account of Exodus itself. Gmirkin’s study offers compelling evidence that Manetho did not react to Exodus, but rather that Exodus was written by Jewish intellectuals in Alexandria in reaction to Manetho, whose account was both older and more accurate. Or, as the author puts it, rather than Manetho attacking the Jews, “the borrowing and polemics took place in the opposite direction; the Penateuch polemicized against the Egyptian expulsion stories in Manetho.”[15] The implication of Gmirkin’s thesis is that, by writing Exodus, a text given later cultural protection and greater credence and authority by the spread of Christianity, Jews essentially captured history, re-writing it in a manner that salved Jewish pride.

Although what we understand as the Jewish group evolutionary strategy, and the cultural codes underpinning it, was certainly extant prior to the third century BC, Gmirkin argues that the “Hebrew Pentateuch was composed in its entirety about 273 BC by 72 Jewish scholars at Alexandria.”[16] Combining archaeological discoveries with meticulous textual analysis, Gmirkin demonstrates a heavy literary dependence of Genesis on Berossus’s Babyloniaca (278 BC) and Exodus on Manetho’s Aegyptiaca (ca. 285–280 BC), as well as a general reliance of Exodus on literary sources available at Alexandria’s Great Library. Contrary to allegations that Manetho engaged in polemics against the Jews as a response to Exodus, Gmirkin points out that his narrative does not mention the Jews by name, referring instead to a tribe of mixed ethnic origin known as the Hyksos (Egyptian for ‘rulers of foreign countries’). Furthermore, Manetho’s account “displays no awareness of the biblical account,” and “can be demonstrated to have drawn exclusively on native Egyptian sources.”[17]

Substantial elements of Exodus appear to have been plagiarized or corrupted from the Aegyptiaca. Gmirkin writes that:

The Exodus story, meanwhile, shows considerable knowledge of Manetho’s accounts regarding Hyksos and expelled Egyptians, showing systematic agreement with Manetho in all details favorable or neutral to the Jews but containing polemics against precisely those points in Manetho that reflected unfavorably on the Jews.[18]

Gmirkin highlights crucial facts which bring one to wonder just how the “Manetho as anti-Semite” myth came to dominate for so long, even taking into consideration that the march of Christianity protected Exodus from criticism for centuries. Most striking is the fact that “Manetho predated the Septuagint, the first Greek translation of Jewish writings. This chronological consideration alone excludes possible influence of the Jewish Exodus story on Manetho’s account of the Hyksos.”[19] Explicit knowledge of Jews in Manetho is “really quite limited.”[20] The real linkage between the Jews of Alexandria and Manetho’s account appears to have been a number of now obscure “Jewish traditions equating the Hyksos with the Jews.”[21]

Expressed more simply, Jews were offended indirectly by Manetho because he presented a negative portrayal of the Hyksos, whom Jews had, by the third century BC, come to regard in some respects as quasi-ancestral.

While Manetho’s account “had nothing to do with the Jews and was not dependent on the Pentateuchal tradition,” it did indeed advance a negative account of the Hyksos in Egypt.[22] Utilizing ancient king lists, the life of the last Pharaoh Nectanebo II and the older Aegyptiaca of Hecataeus of Abdera, Manetho described the Hyksos as “invaders of obscure race” who had brought misfortune and plagues in their wake following their infiltration of the Delta. [23] Modern archaeology has been able to determine that the Hyksos were a hybrid people combining West Semitic (Canaanite), Indo-Aryan, and West Asiatic lineages. Regardless of whether the Jews of Alexandria had significant genetic links to the Hyksos, we do know that the latter were expelled from Egypt twice and later settled “in Jerusalem and geographical Judea.”[24] Perhaps even more important is the fact that for over two thousand years Jews have taken Manetho’s account to be a direct insult, evidence, if nothing else, of their own belief in some form of connection to the Hyksos.

In relation to Manetho, the composers of Exodus employed “a systematic, consistent, predictable pattern in the points of similarity and violent contradiction.”[25] Both accounts feature Jews/Hyksos as foreigners in Egypt who are in some fashion compelled to leave by authorities or circumstances. Both accounts locate the action at the eastern border of Egypt. Both reference the demographic growth and swelling influence of foreigners in Egypt, as well as the contemporaneous presence of plagues. Gmirkin explains these similarities by pointing out that “the authors of the Jewish Exodus story chose their battles carefully, accepting the basic framework of Manetho’s account, accepting whatever details were deemed harmless, but rising to the defense of the Jews on every point of honor.”[26] Generally speaking, “the Pentateuch accepted as much of Manetho’s account as possible, due to the authority and reputation of Manetho.”[27] Where the Jewish writers of the biblical account needed to flesh out their version with references to Egyptian history, they appear to have repeated errors already present in Manetho, specifically in relation to the latter’s misreading of sections of the ancient king lists and chronicles.[28]

Although successive generations of Jewish intellectuals have taken issue with “anti-Semitic” ancient Egyptian claims that the foreigners suffered some form of skin affliction, and were in part exiled because of it, Exodus and other books in the Pentateuch display obvious attempts to parry such inferences. In Exodus (4:6–7) Moses is able to turn his hand leprous and heal it at will as a magical sign to Pharaoh. In Numbers (12:10) there is the strange story of Miriam’s brief leprosy, imposed by the Hebrew god as a punishment for rebellion. Both Leviticus and Numbers contain many prominent laws dealing with leprosy. Most damning of all is perhaps Deuteronomy (28:60), in which the Hebrew god warns the Jews that if they ever apostatized he would “bring on them again the diseases of Egypt.” There is thus clear evidence that the composers of Exodus and the Pentateuch adopted or at least acknowledged earlier accounts of the Hyksos in Egypt in which that foreign tribe had suffered some form of skin affliction or disease during the sojourn.

One might ask what relevance such ancient history has to the present. By way of answer I refer to the remarks made at the outset of this essay. Exodus remains a pivotal text in the Jewish mental landscape, shaping ideas about identity, victimhood, and validation. Its early reception has also come to represent, in the Jewish mind, the origins of “anti-Semitism” and the plagiarism of a putative Jewish genius. Because of the influence of Christianity in retaining and reinforcing the Pentateuch, and even extending it somewhat into the Western psyche, the story of the Exodus has been undeservedly preserved under a kind of cultural permafrost. We have for the most part lost touch with the fact that it was at one point in time merely one tribal repudiation of an overwhelming consensus. Historian Gohei Hata has argued that by the time of Josephus at least seven major Greek or Greek-Egyptian writers and intellectuals had published accounts asserting that Jews had some distant connection to Egypt, that they had been banished, that they had suffered from an affliction of the skin, and that Moses himself was an unstable Egyptian apostate.[29]

While our people may recall none of these chroniclers, they are extremely familiar with the tales of oppressed Jews fed to them by their churches, and by a Hollywood that continues to produce both adult and children’s movies concerning a “heroic” Moses stripped of the murderous, psychopathic qualities that drench the pages of the Pentateuch. Imagine if they were instead confronted with the fact that the tale of Moses familiar to them is even more distant to reality than they could imagine, concealing a much more sinister history in Egypt, and revealing instead the psychotic and fevered imaginings of a cabal of Alexandrian rabbis.

Even if Moses never existed other than as a kind of Golem squatting in the psychological recesses of the intellectuals who conceived him, he still retains a kind of “reality.” And in this regard we might consider the comments of Christian Bale, the Welsh actor chosen to play Moses in the 2014 film Exodus: Gods and Kings. Asked about the character he had been asked to play, and his own research into the figure, Bale replied that Moses “was ‘likely schizophrenic’ and was one of the most ‘barbaric’ individuals he’d ever read about in his life.” He cited biblical passages that were not included as events in the film: The chapter in Numbers where Moses orders the slaughter of all Midianite prisoners of war, save the virgin girls; and the section of Exodus in which Moses punishes the Israelites for worshiping the golden calf by forcing them to drink a scalding liquid made of the ground-up idol before ordering the slaughter of 3,000 Hebrews for the transgression. Bale closed his remarks by adding that “if Moses were alive today, he would likely be tried for war crimes.”

Asked to choose between Exodus and Manetho we might cast our minds back over the more than two millennia of history since both entered the Western canon. Has the exodus or the expulsion featured more prominently in the history of the Jews? Historiography has not been kind to the Egyptian priest, but history finds him vindicated.


[1] P. Johnson, A History of the Jews (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1987), p.26.

[2] K. Frieden, Classic Yiddish Fiction: Abramovitsh, Sholem Aleichem, and Peretz (State University of New York Press, 1995), p.77.

[3] P. Johnson, A History of the Jews (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1987), pp.22-3.

[4] Ibid, p.23.

[5] Ibid, p.26.

[6] Ibid, p.29.

[7] R. Wistrich, Antisemitism: The Longest Hatred, (London: Thames Methuen, 1991), p.5.

[8] K Roseman, Of Tribes and Tribulations (Oregon: Wipf & Stock, 2014), p.82.

[9] E. Abel, The Roots of Anti-Semitism (Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1974), p.49.

[10] Jewish Social Studies, Volume 47 (Winter 1985), p.2.

[11] R. Wistrich, Antisemitism: The Longest Hatred, (London: Thames Methuen, 1991), p.6.

[12] Ibid, p.5.

[13] Ibid.

[14] S. Schama, The Story of the Jews: Finding the Words, 1000BCE-1492CE (Ecco, 2014), p.93.

[15] R. Gmirkin, Berossus and Genesis, Manetho and Exodus: Hellenistic Histories and the Date of the Pentateuch (New York, T & T Clark, 2006), pp.2-3.

[16] Ibid, p.1.

[17] Ibid, p.3.

[18] Ibid.

[19] Ibid, p.187.

[20] Ibid, p.210.

[21] Ibid.

[22] Ibid, p.188.

[23] Ibid, p.173.

[24] Ibid, p.187.

[25] Ibid, p.188.

[26] Ibid.

[27] Ibid.

[28] Ibid, p.211.

[29] G. Hata, ‘The Story of Moses Interpreted within the Context of anti-Semitism,’ in Josephus, Judaism, and Christianity (Brill, 1987), p.181.

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67 Comments to "Exodus Redux: Jewish Identity and the Shaping of History"

  1. William's Gravatar William
    January 16, 2017 - 7:12 am | Permalink

    As promised. The parallels between the “burning bush” and the Minoan Peak Sanctuary are relentless. They’re not in isolation, either. The “Pillar of Smoke and Fire” also comes from the Minoans. The first is probably just a low-key version oft the second.

    I’m definitely buying this book. When I get my bonus. It’s pretty steeply priced. But I suspect there are a lot of parallels between the Greeks and the Hebrews because they’re both drawing from a common well and might be loathe to admit it.

    https://youtu.be/83OrfhPdYjU

  2. January 12, 2017 - 6:05 pm | Permalink

    The most astonishing thing about this article is the huge response it generated!

    One of the clinchers for the Hyksos-as-Jews concept is the Jews’ treatment of the subject. “When I studied ancient history in college in the early sixties, the Hyksos-equals-Hebrews theory was even then presented as something that was at best past its sell-by date and at worst akin to the phlogiston theory of combustion.”

    “Gmirkin’s study offers compelling evidence that Manetho did not react to Exodus, but rather that Exodus was written by Jewish intellectuals in Alexandria in reaction to Manetho, whose account was both older and more accurate.”

    This would be in keeping with the Essene claim that Ezra redacted the original Torah to favor the priesthood’s religious legalities. Ezra read these redacted Mosaic laws to the assembled “Israelites” after which the people and priests entered a covenant to keep the law that called for separating themselves from all other peoples.

    “Hyksos (Egyptian for ‘rulers of foreign countries)” This is an example of the latest attempt by Jews to distance themselves from their unseemly Hyksos origins. (Another tactic is the lauding of the wonderful military and technical achievements introduced to Egypt by these pernicious, detested invaders). Originally the name was said to be translated as “Shepherd Kings,” but now that is said to be “mistranslated,” i.e. “rulers of foreign countries.”

    The idea of “Shepherd Kings” again nails the Jew to the wall with obvious truth, to wit: “And it shall come to pass, when Pharaoh shall call you, and shall say, What is your occupation? That ye shall say, Thy servants’ trade hath been about cattle from our youth even until now, both we, and also our fathers: that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians.” – Genesis 46. A Biblical account that confirms the Jew’s relation to the Hyksos – Bullseye!

    “Jews had some distant connection to Egypt, that they had been banished”

    The Hyksos were not “banished” from Egypt, they were paid to leave after holing up in their heavily fortified, poetically-named city, “Avaris.” From there they went East. “After the conclusion of the treaty they left with their families and chattels, not fewer than two hundred and forty thousand people, and crossed the desert into Syria. Fearing the Assyrians, who dominated over Asia at that time, they built a city in the country which we now call Judea. It was large enough to contain this great number of men and was called Jerusalem” – Manetho. A description of an “exodus” if ever there was one.

    The “poor Israelite makes good/rags to riches” lesson runs repeatedly throughout the Old Testament: Innocent Israelite strolls into town with wife/family and after scamming the locals, a few verses later leaves with gold, silver, slaves, cattle and other ill gotten gains bled from their host.

    There is one other interesting correlation between the Hyksos and the biblical description of the plagues brought upon Egypt by the Jews’ “Lord God.” This event was the eruption of Thera, dated around 1500 BC, with a Volcanic Explosivity Index of seven, making it one of the two largest volcanic eruptions in known history.

    The Hyksos were said to have traded heavily with the Minoans who were decimated by the eruption. Minoan trade is the most likely source for the war chariot introduced to Egypt by the Hyksos, a military technology from the Near East around the period 1950 to 1550 BC. This loss of a major trading partner was said to weaken the Hyksos’ hold on Egypt and, along with a tidy payoff, probably contributed to their departure.

    The intensity of the eruption swept over the Egyptian delta, resulting in climatic and health issues described in part by the “Tempest” or “Storm” stele) erected by pharaoh Ahmose I, circa 1550 BC. The stele describes a great storm striking Egypt during this time, killing many, destroying tombs, temples and “pyramids?” This eruption is most likely the source for the Lord God’s “plagues” in Exodus.

    The only plague that cannot be directly attributed to this eruption is the “angel of death” that kills all (and only) the firstborn males of Egypt. In keeping with traditional Jewish genocidal tactics, that particular “plague” was likely left to teams of Hyksos assassins who, try as they might, undoubtedly failed to murder every first born Egyptian male. That part of the story is likely just more hateful Jewish hyperbole.

    As for the question of Jews being a race, once again I ask: If Jews are not a race, then how does one explain Tay Sachs disease? The idea that a group of Turks identified with the psychopathic tracts and traits of the Biblical Israelites some seven hundred years prior, to a point where these Khazar Turks became perfect clones of those ancient people, beggars belief even beyond historical myths like the Holocaust. There can be only one other possible explanation – genetics.

    The sacrificial system that produced the psychopathic Jew with no compassion or empathy for others, was long extinct by the time of the Khazars. How then did they become ingrained with the insane, murderous concepts that produced the original Biblical “Jew”?

    It took centuries of inbreeding and special, religious, sacrificial training to create the modern psychopathic Jew. This process cannot be duplicated by merely adopting the Jewish religion. The ancient sacrificial system is the reason that, to this day, Jews are consumed with blood, horror, terror, torture, scatological references and every other twisted and debased fixation peculiar to Jews.

    While such fixations are noticeably absent from most of the early and mid-twentieth century media productions, before Jews had firm control over the majority of white American minds, these sickening psychological twists were quite apparent in Wiemar Germany.

    However, since the cultural/sexual revolution of the sixties, these fixations have become readily apparent in the vast majority of TV shows, movies, books, and other periodicals Jews produce, as well as the focus of their “News” stories. In fact locals frequently used to refer to the nightly TV news as the “blood and guts report.”

    Proof for the root of this racially inbred sickness can be found in the lack of it in modern Mormonism. Joseph Smith plagiarized the critical legal tenets of the Old Testament’s sacrificial system in his new religion, while applying only the lightest overlay of the New Testament. In fact Mormons prominently feature representations of the Old Testament’s sacrificial animals and the washing laver inside their Temple. I suppose having the sacrificial altar was just a bit too obvious.

    Mormons will say, “Of course we believe in Jesus as our savior! Now about our ten percent tithing to god . . .” This is exactly what Paul was attempting when he created a new religion in the name of a God who was the antithesis to the fallen god of the Old Testament.

    Yet, while the Mormon version of second Temple, sacrificial Judaism has the very same in-group philosophy, it distinctly lacks the insane, bloody, murderous, psychopathic character traits of Judaism. This can only be due to the white genetic/emotional makeup of the vast majority of Mormons.

    Of course, if one buys into Koestler’s Khazar theory, it’s only a matter of time before the Mormon religion produces the very same insane, neurotic, murderous, psychopaths as Judaism. After almost two hundred years, that should be happening any day now.

    I just can’t wait for all those Mormon horror movies and novels with obligatory toilet scenes. By the way, where do you think the Negroes who tortured that young man got the idea to make him drink from a toilet bowl? Thanks Jews!

  3. HBM's Gravatar HBM
    January 11, 2017 - 9:38 am | Permalink

    This piece makes me very happy, since this line of inquiry, this way to strike at the root of the JQ– understanding their true historical origins to understand their psychology– has been my personal obsession for several years.

    What professor Joyce doesn’t pause to make explicit is the argument made by a group of scholars prominent in the 1990s known as “Biblical Minimalists” who are a source for Mr. Gmirkin’s work; namely, that the Hebrew Bible was not written by Moses himself (as was the traditional view); nor in 1000BC “in the Court of King Solomon” by sophisticated and highly literate Jewish intellectuals centuries ahead of the Greeks themselves; nor after the so-called “Reforms of Josiah” three hundred years after that; but it was mostly composed after the conquest of Alexander, in Hellenized Egypt, before which the Jews were not Jews as we understand them and had no intellectual tradition of their own to speak of. They, like everyone else, learned intellectual culture (and the notion of History itself) from the Greeks. For the Jews this also meant the concoction of the fiction that it was the other way around: the Greeks had stolen what they knew from the Jews.

    So the idea that “the Hyksos were the Jews” is backwards, as professor Joyce points out. The truth is that the story of the Jews in Egypt was itself based on what Greek intellectuals had already said about Hyksos, because the story of the Exodus was composed by Jews not in 1000BC but in 300BC in the Hellenized Greek world who had access to those texts and used them as source material when creating fictions about themselves and when concocting their grand “history”.

    The Pentateuch is not organic mythology. It is Greek in style– it is Romance and History, and would not have been possible without the Greeks, yet it is a Semitic ethno-religious polemic aimed at the Greeks themselves. It is ethno-propaganda pretending to be History, which is of course the very thing that Jews say about everyone else’s history when they want to devalue and deconstruct them. Now we know why they do it. Freud would call it repetition compulsion, and it has a thousand permutations and it never stops.

    And the reason that the Hebrew Bible is a mishmash of sources from across the entire region– from Mesopotamia to Egypt– is not because the Jews were so expansive and had been so scholarly for so long. It’s because these texts were kept in the Library of Alexandria and were available for looting and exploitation when the Jews came to write their “history” in the 4th century BC.

    I could say a lot more, but I’ll just mention two more things:

    1. This impetus to claim origins retroactively; to re-write history and to place oneself at the true beginning of them is the central impulse of Judaism and by extension any ideology born of it. This “we were here first” trope never runs out of gas. Elsewhere on the Internet I have ranted and used the phrase “retrohistorical revision is the central impulse of the Abrahamic religions”. What Harold Bloom would call in a literary context metaleptic transumption is the master trope of Judaism, and it has infected us for thousands of years. Bonus: it has its origins in the Persian conquest of the Jews and the “return” of the “returners from Exile” who were supposedly the “real Jews”. You can see this for yourself in Ezra and Nehemiah. This is the real origin of Judaism, and explains their current obsession with the destruction of Iran.

    2. Alexandrian Jews, the original “Jewish intellectuals”, obnoxious and impertinent as always, were shameless propagandists, exactly as Jews are today (they are arguably why Jews are what they are today). But Christianity also has its origins in these same lying Jewish Alexandrian propagandists. They were interested in setting the record straight about a violent Jewish resistance fighter in neighboring Judea.

    What Jews did among the Greeks, they did among the Romans and do among us today.

  4. Rick's Gravatar Rick
    January 11, 2017 - 6:54 am | Permalink

    Sorry to disappoint altar boy holy rollers and Bible Belt simpletons but the whole thing is a fraud. It was invented as a survival strategy like Professor MacDonald’s thesis.

    You have been jewed with your fancy catherdrals and fake holy relics.

    Just checkout Rev. Jimmy Swaggart who is under kosher control through (((John Rosenstern))). Here is Rosenstern’s email:

    insight@jsm.org

  5. Director's Gravatar Director
    January 11, 2017 - 2:53 am | Permalink

    What you lay out is reasonably consistent with the archeology. I’d hazard a guess that the Hebrew were the book keepers of the Hyksos.

  6. William's Gravatar William
    January 10, 2017 - 1:48 pm | Permalink

    One thing I’ve told people for quite a while about the Old Testament is that it’s more true than you think, and it’s got some amazing literature. I think it’s the first true “history” on record, and I think the “J” Source for the Pentateuch is the world’s first novel. But now I ask: “WHOSE history is this? It has to be SOMEBODY’S.”

    And now I know. It’s the Minoans and their Philistine descendants. The story of David and Solomon probably came out of a northern Syrian kingdom that we only recently discovered was called Palestine/Walestine. It apparently was very big and wealthy at one point and eventually broke up into three parts.

    I’m going to be able to prove in my upcoming video that the Phaistos Disc is authentic, Minoan, and almost certainly Indo-European. With a twist. There’s some Hatti in it. In the proper context! That was impossible to fake when it was discovered in 1908 because nobody knew what Hittite and Hatti were at the time.

    What follows is fairly complicated, but I think it’s appropriate here because I’m going to show in the video that the story of Moses and the burning bush is a recreation of a Minoan Peak Sanctuary. Both the narrative and the setting will support this. The video will be fairly short, but I’m packing in lots of detail. This is just a little part of it. I tip my hand on this as an act of good faith.

    Words B18, B21, and B26 are: AU-NI-TI-NO, ZO-AU-NI-TI-NO, ZO-AU-NI-TI-NO. Notice this words are MARKED. Which probably means they’re important. In the video I’ll work through that entire passage: B17-B26. Here’s the Hittite version of this ceremony. I got it from “How to Kill a Dragon” by Calvert Watkins, pages 139-140.

    The chamberlain says, “Open!”
    The Old Woman says, “Whence come ye?”
    As follows the chamberlain: “We come from the Holy Place.”
    As follows the Old Woman: “From what Holy Place?”
    As follows the chamberlain: “From the zahanettenna.” <– unknown Hatti
    As follows the Old Woman: “From what zahanettenna?” <– type of temple?
    As follows the chamberlain: “From the house of the Sun-God.”
    As follows the Old Woman: “How is he, the Sun-God?”
    __________________________________________________
    “His form is new, his breast in new, his manhood is new,
    His head is of iron, his teeth are those of a lion, his eyes
    are those of an eagle, and he sees like an eagle. that of
    his in the spell, moreover, is new.”

    As you can see this is about the Sun God, which confirms the Phaistos Disc is a Sun Disc. Exactly what it appears to be. It also supports my opinion that Phaistos itself is the City of Light. Just as Knossos is obviously the City of Knowledge. And therefore the Minoans were Indo-Europeans.

    For transliteration of the Linear A symbols I used the Signary.pdf file of Gareth Alun Owens. Get ready to wait! Their site is really slow.

    https://teicrete.gr/daidalika/documents/phaistos_disk/signary.pdf

    • Yam's Gravatar Yam
      January 11, 2017 - 12:59 am | Permalink

      Philistines are more likely to be Mycenaeans and not Minoans for example the technique they used for their vases is Mycenaean, the altars where Mycenaean (almost identical with the Biblical one) and etc.
      A good book on the matter is “The Philistines and Aegean Migration at the End of the Late Bronze Age” by Assaf Yasur-Landau.
      http://www.cambridge.org/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=9780521191623&ss=cop
      Or Aren Maeir’s presentetion : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IAZPJRtdjmk
      It is a fact that the material culture of the Philistines we have through archeology is Mycenaean mixed with Canaanite.

      As for the history in th OT we cannot dismiss the OT’s remark that it used sources.
      Examples :
      Examples

      2 Kings 15.6
      “And the rest of the acts of Azariah, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?”

      2Kings 15.15
      “And the rest of the acts of Shallum, and his conspiracy which he made, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.”

      I stop here… go read the 2 Kings 15 in general. The author of this book (2 Kings) states that there are Chronicles and by the use of the Chronicles he claims reliability.

      You may say, but we have the book of Chronicles in the Hebrew bible.
      Yes, but this book is dated in the Hellenistic ages, so we are talking about something now lost…

  7. Markle's Gravatar Markle
    January 10, 2017 - 5:29 am | Permalink

    Their monotheistic ONE & ONLY god is a WAR god.
    The Jews BRAG about and SELF DOCUMENT THEIR “holocausting” others and then “PLACE A YOKE” on Gentiles for SUPPOSEDLY doing the exact same thing to them.
    FUNNY that everything they claim the nazis did is an EXACT COPY of their own book..
    Deuteronomy 7:16, 20:16 “And thou shalt consume all the peoples which the Lord thy God shall deliver unto thee; thine eye shall not pity them…thou shalt save alive nothing that breatheth.”

    KILL THE SICK and CRIPPLED
    Numbers c.5 v.2-4
    KILL HOMOSEXUALS & UNDESIRABLES
    Leviticus c.20 v.13 well, really the whole chapter
    KILL ALL DISSIDENTS:
    Exodus c.32 v.27
    Numbers c.11 v.1-2
    Numbers c.16 all
    Numbers c.21 v.5-6
    Numbers v.26 v.10
    KILL anyone who engages in “DIVERSITY” or “INTEGRATION”
    Numbers v25 v.4-8
    Deuteronomy c.14 v.2
    DEHUMANIZE and then EXTERMINATE ALL NON-MEMBERS:
    SEXUALLY ENSLAVE any females “who have not KNOWN a man”
    a very brief selection, many more in THEIR book.
    Numbers c.21 v.03 Canaanites
    Numbers c.21 v.24 Amorites
    Numbers c.21 v.33-35 Bashan
    Numbers c.31 all Midianites
    Numbers c.32 v. more Amorites
    Deuteronomy c.2 v.34 People of Heshbon
    Deuteronomy c.3 v.6 really the whole chapter. threescore cities
    Joshua c.12 A list of victims of Israeli GENOCIDE
    OCCUPY YOUR VICTIM’S DWELLINGS/LAND
    Numbers c.21 v.25
    Numbers c.32 v.39
    Numbers c.33 v.53
    (just to name a FEW)
    GENOCIDE CODIFIED IN THEIR RELIGION
    Numbers c.33 v.31-34
    Deuteronomy c.7 v.2
    Deuteronomy c.12 v.28-30
    Deuteronomy c.20 v.11-16
    TERRORISM CODIFIED IN THEIR RELIGION
    Deuteronomy c.2 v.2
    Deuteronomy c.7 v.1
    Jews SELF-anointed “The CHOSEN People of GOD”
    Nazis SELF-anointed “The CHOSEN People of GENETICS”.
    TODAY Israel states that it is creating “A PURE Jewish State”
    YESTERDAY the Nazis were creating “A PURE German State”
    And they utterly destroyed all that was in the city, both man and woman, young and old, and ox, and sheep, and ass, with the edge of the sword . . . (Joshua 6:21)
    For modern day reinforcement of these “rules” research/google “the KINGS TORAH”

  8. Markle's Gravatar Markle
    January 10, 2017 - 5:26 am | Permalink

    PROsemitic ——- what is it?
    If there is an “antisemitism” you must ask: “What is PROsemitism?”
    PROsemitism must be a supporter of “semitism”, which really means Judaism (though most Moslems are SEMITIC and most JEWS are NOT). So what are you supporting if you are a PROsemite? Well first of all we must define Judaism:
    Judaism is neither a race or a religion, it is Xenophobic Tribalism.
    XENOPHOBIC: n.
    A person unduly fearful or contemptuous of that which is foreign, especially of strangers or foreign peoples.
    TRIBALISM: n.
    1. The organization, culture, or beliefs of a tribe.
    2. A strong feeling of identity with and loyalty to one’s tribe or group.
    So right off the get-go you hate all NON-Jews, NON-members of YOUR group(TRIBE).
    THAT means, that if I am not one of the TRIBE, you do not like me.
    Since Jews BRAND all NON-Jews “gentile” automatically denigrating them, to be PROsemitic one must by definition be ANTI-GENTILE.
    They hate all NON-Jews so fundamentally, that they have to SPECIFICALLY name “RIGHTEOUS GENTILES”.
    Those are NON-Jewish HUMANS that went so far out of their way to help/save Jews that the Jews were FORCED to ACKNOWLEDGE the humanity of that specific ‘gentile”. You see, PROsemites do not acknowledge the EQUALITY of spirituality and humanity of “gentiles”
    According to the SPLC & ADL an organization is a “HATE GROUP” if it has
    “beliefs or practices that attack or malign an entire class of people”.
    Jews have HATED Egypt for 3,500 years.
    Jews have HATED Babylon for 2,500 years.
    Jews have HATED CHRIST and his followers for 2,000 years.

    David Ben-Gurion, one of the father founders of Israel, described Zionist aims in 1948: “A Christian state should be established [in Lebanon], with its southern border on the Litani river. We will make an alliance with it. When we smash the Arab Legion’s strength and bomb Amman, we will eliminate Transjordan too, and then Syria will fall. If Egypt still dares to fight on, we shall bomb Port Said, Alexandria and Cairo… And in this fashion, we will end the war and settle our forefathers’ account with Egypt, Assyria, and Aram “………….. read that again
    “and settle our forefathers’ account with Egypt, Assyria, and Aram”
    They are STILL HATING and planning deadly attacks after 3,500+ YEARS .
    How do you think they feel about JESUS CHRIST whom they HATE most of ALL.
    Israel’s MOTTOES:
    (1) NEVER forgive & NEVER forget.
    (2) By Way of Deception you will Do War.
    Their ONLY(monotheistic) “god” is a WAR god
    PROsemitism is ANTI-HUMANism

    “…the general cause of anti-Semitism has always resided in Israel itself and not in those who have fought against Israel. ” Bernard Lazare (1894)
    xxxxxxxxxxxxx
    “Goyim were born only to serve us. Without that, they have no place in the world – only to serve the People of Israel.” “Why are gentiles needed? They will work, they will plow, they will reap. We will sit like an effendi and eat… That is why gentiles were created…” – Rabbi Ovadia Yosef, Former Chief Rabbi of Israel
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
    Here in the US, AIPAC and ADL and about 100 other “Jew” organizations state that immigration of asylum seekers is what they support. ThereforeTO ALL Mexicans, Africans, Muslims , Chinese, by the millions, Please “IMMIGRATE” into ISRAEL BECAUSE THEY SAY THEY SUPPORT ASYLUM SEEKERS; GET FREE BENEFITS, JOBS, HOUSING AND SEND FOR YOUR FAMILIES TO STAY PERMANENTLY.
    xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
    Judaism worships a WAR god. Why is it so hard for people to grasp that? They do not make a secret of it, it is very well documented. You have to grasp what you are dealing with. Until Judaism REPUDIATES their whole belief system (laccepts a LOVING/FORGIVING god and recognizes the SPIRITUAL and HUMAN equality of the rest of Humanity) they should be shunned by Humanity.
    RESEARCH “the King’s Torah” for more fun facts

    • Yam's Gravatar Yam
      January 11, 2017 - 12:35 am | Permalink

      Pro-Semitism is a “virtual” word.
      -ism in the end of the word means in favor of the previous part of the word.
      So pro-Semitism = Semitism.

  9. Markle's Gravatar Markle
    January 10, 2017 - 5:25 am | Permalink

    Judaism is the “SOUR GRAPES” Tribe. The 10 “plagues” of Egypt are actually 10 INSULTS directed at each of the 10 gods that opposed ATEN, the Sun god of the Exodus.

    During the 1980s an earthquake shook Biblical myths. The discoveries made by the “new archaeology” discredited a great exodus in the 13th century BC. Moses could not have led the Hebrews out of Egypt into the Promised Land, for the good reason that the latter was Egyptian territory at the time. And there is no trace of either a slave revolt against the pharaonic empire or of a sudden conquest of Canaan by outsiders.
    Modern archaeology proves that the Exodus actually happened to the Hyksos, not the Hebrews, so claiming descent from Moses really doesn’t mean that much since he seems to have stolen all the stories he wrote down (like the story of the flood copied from the Epic of Gilgamesh). At best he is a great self-promoter; at worst he was a hoaxer like Oded Golan. Some scholars, such as Sigmund Freud, have pointed out the obvious implausibilities on the Moses story and have suggested that “Moses”, an Egyptian word meaning “Prince” may have been another name for the heretic Pharaoh Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV), and the story of the Exodus a highly romanticized telling of his attempted return from exile, with the usual spin so that failure to reclaim his throne is sold to later generations as a symbolic victory.
    ———————————————————————
    Why would downtrodden slaves “escape” to a PROVINCE of their Master? Palestine/Syria was all subject to Egypt at the time of the exodus. Those were the banished from power worshippers of ATEN that left the center of power for the FRINGE of the Empire, hoping to someday return to power.
    ———————————————————————
    Moses was “raised” as an Egyptian Prince, because Moses WAS an Egyptian Prince. As a matter of FACT, the “Hebrews” are EGYPTIAN Aten worshippers who interbred with the Native People of Palestine.
    The Hebrews, the participants of the fabled Exodus, were EGYPTIAN refugee worshipers of ATEN, the MONOTHEISTIC Egyptian LIGHT God.
    After Amenhotep IV aka Akenhaten elevated Aten to THE god of Egypt (THOU SHALT HAVE NO OTHER GODS BEFORE ME)
    the priests of Amon and the lesser gods worked to undermine Aten. Upon the death of Pharoh Akenhaten, the “ONE” god, Aten, was
    overthrown. The temples and all trace of Aten were pulled down and erased. The followers of Aten were persecuted and harrassed.
    After some years of this, the followers of Aten made an “exodus” (a going out) from Egypt, to the COLONIES of Egypt in Palestine.
    NOTE:
    Oddly enough, Egypt reached new heights of imperial splendour and prosperity during the New Kingdom (18th – 19th dynasties). Tutmosis III campaigned beyond the EUPHRATES and reached the Fourth Cataract on the Nile; Rameses II halted the advance of the Hittites in SYRIA, which means Egypt marched ALL OVER the so-called Israeli kingdom, because Egypt OWNED PALESTINE.
    Jerusalem was ruled by New Kingdom Egypt from 1550-1440 BCE.
    ————————————————————————–
    NOTE: It is not called a HOMECOMING or RETURN, as it would have been if the participants were SEMITES originally from Palestine.
    They THEMSELVES termed it an EXODUS. [EX out of, from, and HODOS, way]
    This is people who WERE Egyptian and LEFT, went OUT OF the center of Egypt to seek refuge at the edges of Egypt, but still under the umbrella of Egypt.
    ————————————————————————–
    The followers of Aten wandered in the desert for years (40?). They assimilated legends, myths, and People, into their Religion and Tribe.
    The first generation of refugees passed on, and their religion morphed from a “loving, peace, LIGHT and enlightened god”
    to a vengeful, resentful, scab-picking War god.
    THIS is why there is NO Egyptian archeological evidence of a Jewish/Semitic presence OR exodus.
    The Exodus consisted of EGYPTIANS leaving Egypt in the face of religious persecution that included the complete erasure of the God of the Exodus, ATEN.

    • Yam's Gravatar Yam
      January 11, 2017 - 12:31 am | Permalink

      Sigmund Freud’s theory is widely dismissed now days but apart from the connection of Aten or Hyksos with Jews (or Hebrews) the historiography you posted is almost valid.
      A good book about the history of the place (not dismissive of Freud’s theories) is “Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times” by Donald B. Redford
      http://press.princeton.edu/titles/5036.html
      Also as the author of the article pointed out :
      “Substantial elements of Exodus appear to have been plagiarized or corrupted from the Aegyptiaca. Gmirkin writes that:

      The Exodus story, meanwhile, shows considerable knowledge of Manetho’s accounts regarding Hyksos and expelled Egyptians, showing systematic agreement with Manetho in all details favorable or neutral to the Jews but containing polemics against precisely those points in Manetho that reflected unfavorably on the Jews.[18]

      That’s why we confuse them with the Hyksos, cause they used the historiography about Palestine to forge their books (Hebrew Bible).

  10. Yam's Gravatar Yam
    January 10, 2017 - 1:00 am | Permalink

    Sadly the author of the article (Andrew Joyce) haven’t read the last book by Gmirkin : “Plato and the creation of the Hebrew Bible”, I hope that he is going to do it.
    As for Josephus, he was not a historian but a propagandist of theocracy and of Jewish pseudo-history.
    Read this : http://lexundria.com/go?q=J.+Ap.+2.160%E2%80%932.166&v=wst
    I copy paste here 2.164-66
    “164Now there are innumerable differences in the particular customs and laws that are among all mankind, which a man may briefly reduce under the following heads:—Some legislators have permitted their governments to be under monarchies, others put them under oligarchies, and others under a republican form; 165but our legislator had no regard to any of these forms, but he ordained our government to be what, by a strained expression, may be termed a Theocracy, by ascribing the authority and the power to God, 166and by persuading all the people to have a regard to him, as the author of all the good things that were enjoyed either in common by all mankind, or by each one in particular, and of all that they themselves obtained by praying to him in their greatest difficulties. He informed them that it was impossible to escape God’s observation, even in any of our outward actions, or in any of our inward thoughts. ”

    But the problem as I said, is that Josephus was not a historian but a propagandist of Judaism, dogmatism and of pseudo-history. In reality he was unable to understand basic principles of historiography.
    “Each Greek historian is of course different from the others, but all Greek historians deal with a limited subject which they consider important, and all are concerned with the reliability of the evidence they are going to use. Greek historians never claim to tell all the facts of history from the
    origins of the world, and never believe that they can tell their tale without historia, without research… The point, however, is that he had to
    claim to be a trustworthy researcher in order to be respectable..
    Thus to the Hebrew historian historiography soon became a narration of events from the beginning of the world such as no Greek historian ever conceived. The criteria of reliability were also different. Jews have always been supremely concerned with truth. The Hebrew God is the God of Truth… Consequently reliability in Jewish terms coincides with the truthfulness of the transmitters and with the ultimate truth of God in whom the transmitters believe… What Josephus seems to have missed is that the Greeks had criteria by which to judge the relative merits of various versions which the Jewish historians had not…In Hebrew historiography the collective memory about past events could never be verified according to objective criteria. If priests forged records…the
    Hebrew historian did not possess the critical instrument to discover the forgery. In so far as modern historiography is a critical one, it is a Greek, not a Jewish, product.”
    The classical foundations of modern historiography by Arnaldo Momigliano

    Of course what Momigliano missed (possible cause he was a Jew) is that the possibility that the whole Hebrew Bible was a forgery.

    I must point out that the Gmirkin’s books, are giving all the points to support that the Hebrew Bible was a forgery in the Hellenistic ages.

    So Josephus was just a propagandist.

    But the real problems (in my opinion of course) humanity faces from all those books are :

    1. Theocracy. In reality this is just dogmatism by using a god to advance it, we can see similar examples without gods in Communism.

    2. Pseudo-history. Cause we may use wrong data (Hebrew Bible’s historiography and the Jewish Encyclopedia) to analyze current situations.

    3. Schizophrenia. This comes as a “present” by believing all those forgeries.

    4. Paranoia. I want to point out here that paranoia is a basic principle of the Jewish historiography. For example if someone was raised as a Jew and committed crimes which are not permitted by the Jewish laws then he is not a Jew. This paranoia can be found all over the Hebrew Bible and the Jewish Encyclopedia and it is used extensively in the apologetic Jewish writings about Communism.

    5. Propaganda. Ethnocentric (if not racist) propaganda against the ethnic identity of their hosts.

    6. Human Sacrifice. From the Hebrew Bible we get the transformation of the Human sacrifice to Martyrdom. “ And indees, says Theophrastus, the Syrians, of whom the Jews constitute a part, also now sacrifice live victims according to their old mode of sacrifice; if one ordered as to sacrifice in the same way we would have recoiled from the entire business. For they are not feasted on the sacrifices, but burning them whole at night and pouring on them honey and wine, they quickly destroy the offering, in order that the all-seeing sun should not look on the terrible thing. And they do it fasting on the intervening days.
    During this whole time, being philosophers by race, they converse with each other about the deity, and at night-time they make observations of the stars, gazing at them and calling on God by prayer. They were the first to institute sacrifices both of other living beings and of themselves; yet they did it by compulsion and not from eagerness of it.” You can find analysis of this in Gmirkin’s “Berossus and Genesis, Manetho and Exodus” p. 67. In my words as the writers of the Hebrew Bible tried to keep and transform their cultic practices they transformed Human Sacrifice to Martyrdom.

    P.S. I have read all books reviews (which I found) of “Berossus and Genesis, Manetho and Exodus” but none seriously criticized the Table of Nations and the analysis by Gmirkin which was for me a vital proof that the Hebrew Bible was written in the Hellenistic ages.

    P.S.2. Sorry for my bad English.

    • Charles Frey's Gravatar Charles Frey
      January 10, 2017 - 10:08 am | Permalink

      Thanks, you certainly stirred my curiosity to do more reading in that direction. Your English is well above average. All of us non-native speakers trip here and there: only seeing the boulders on which we stubbed our toes when looking back.

    • Bramble's Gravatar Bramble
      January 11, 2017 - 1:26 pm | Permalink

      Your description of Hebrews burning human sacrifices whole at night reminded me of the descriptions in the Annals of Ulster during the ninth century, of “fair haired foreigners” fleeing from “dark foreigners” who pursued their ships to Ireland and defeated them in battle. One monk recorded his shock at witnessing the “dark foreigners” stacking up the “fair haired foreigners” beside fires to burn them, and he tried to remonstrate with them, but they cared nothing for Christian morality. What’s shocking is that the tales we’ve all heard about the Vikings being tall, strong, blond & Nordic, appears to be “historical revisionism”, and that they were, in fact, small, dark Huns, “Hebrew” or Semitic types, who used poisoned-tipped swords & arrows to paralyze the tall, strong Saxons & Gothic peoples to defeat them in battle, and take their women as “breeding” slaves. Hebrews were famous for using poison-tipped darts, arrows, daggers & axes in ancient times.

      Another astonishing example is the entry for the year 867 AD, which says the “dark foreigners” won a battle over the Northern Saxons at York, in which fell Aelle, King of the Northern Saxons. This same king is described in Wikipedia as being tortured by “blood eagle” and killed by the “semi-legendary Viking leader Ragnar Lodbrok”—(a “dark foreigner” in the Annals of Ulster)! It seems that researchers have been looking at the English historical records without correlating them with the Annals of Ulster.

      • Bramble's Gravatar Bramble
        January 11, 2017 - 1:45 pm | Permalink

        Sorry, that should read “the sons of” Ragnar Lodbrok (who himself had been earlier killed by King Aelle).

  11. Boris's Gravatar Boris
    January 9, 2017 - 5:37 pm | Permalink

    Interesting piece. Did you earn your PhD specifically in history?

  12. Art's Gravatar Art
    January 9, 2017 - 9:37 am | Permalink

    More proves that Jews are not a race and the “Jewish genes” is fake news of dishonest shills that call themselves “scientists”.

    All ancient historians, including Manetho, explicitly point out that even the ancient proto-Jews (Hyksos) were nether Semites nor a homogeneous race.

    Tacitus explicitly talks about “other races” that joined them and augmented the wealth of the Jews.

    Today Jews are mainly descendants of Medieval converts (Arabs from Yemen, Berbers, Khazars, Slavs, etc), but due to the inherited ancient legends they also culturally inherit behaviour patterns of ancient proto-Jews that were genetically and racially different from today Jews.

    The term Anti-Semitism is a fake term, because most European Jews are neither genetically nor linguistically a Semitic group of people.

    The term “Anti-Semitism” has to be deconstructed, because the antagonism against Jews is not based on their claimed “Semitism” (speak blood, race, genes), it is based on their behaviour patterns, which is inherited culturally, not biologically.

  13. RoyAlbrecht's Gravatar RoyAlbrecht
    January 9, 2017 - 6:00 am | Permalink

    As usual, I refer to my internal point of restoration, namely the moment I saw the white light, went beyond it to realize that life is not only more than flesh and blood, but is essentially Spiritual in nature.

    No one can achieve this very subjective experience for you. It cannot be bought, stolen or obtained through deceit. It must be earned.

    This brief “…glimpse…” resulted in the expansion of my reality on an exponential level and was obtained by following a path of sacrifice, continuous work on one’s Self and the practice of maintaining focus no matter what was thrown into one’s “…path…”.

    To many here, I assume you think I am just sputtering fantasy and delusion, but both the experience itself and the benefits procured there from have sustained me through attacks that have sent other men into nervous breakdowns and psych wards.

    When I read accounts of “…Truthful…” Revisionist History, as opposed to Jewish lies,
    written by people with…, what I believe to have…, a natural gift for writing combined with a deep knowledge of a specific topic area…, in this case History…, I need to sleep on the article in order to try to come up with a comment that aspires to be worthy of the man who spawned the original subject matter.

    Having grown up being surrounded by flat footed Jews and arse-kissing, Limey “wanna bes” (no offense to you Dr. Joyce), I have come to believe that Jews have one fatal weakness…, and it is not so much that they always go too far, I believe that their weakness is an addiction to the flesh.

    A collusive, deceitful, secretive and murderous Race of Homicidal Maniacs depends to a large extent upon groups of people working together and supporting one another in order to carry out their nefarious deeds.

    It is easy for a singular Jew, who is forced by subpoena to take the stand to answer for crimes he has committed and then to lie with impunity, because he knows deep down that before a verdict on his guilt is reached, his case must pass through the hands of many more of his Criminal Brethren…; all of whom will desperately cover for him, not only to protect him, but to save their own skins as well.

    Under such conditions, is it at all surprising that Jews will utter the most blatant lies and cover-ups that defy the imagination all on national television?

    Some call it Chutzpah, but I call it “…having the knowledge…” that there are enough Jews entrenched in the system to make a guilty verdict, no matter how blatant the crime may have been, an near impossibility.

    Moreover, if a Jew fails in one Criminal Venture, he knows that he can depend on his Racial Crime Family to financially underpin another.
    From what I know of (((them))), they usually get three chances to become “Successful Criminals” through this form of communal underpinning with Criminal Venture Capital.

    At their gatherings they are smug and over-confident because they can speak freely knowing not only that the chances of an outsider ever hearing what goes on in their meetings is slim and next to none, but that they are sitting in the company of their fellow Partners in Crime under the guise of a “…Philanthropic Meeting or a Religious Observance…” where the thoroughly brainwashed Goyem would not dare to intrude.

    The Mathematics of Historical Falsification
    Just as the amount of brainwashing per of unit of propaganda can decrease as the pervasiveness of the unit of propaganda increases…, so too can the amount of historical falsification decrease as the amount of previously falsified material becomes accepted as truth by the Goyem at large.

    The one thing that would restore everything to the default position of natural truth…, or at least the search for it…, would be the widespread knowledge that Jews are a Race of collusive deceptive Murderers and Thieves.
    In order to achieve this, the mountain of lies they have generated with respect to historical truth must be clearly and unequivocally brought into full view of the Goyem.

    So what is the cornerstone of this mountain of historical falsification that, if loosened and removed, will hasten to bring down the entire structure?
    IMO it is the one thing (((they))) have invested the most capital into but that TOO dare not touch.
    However, other candidates, like 9-11…, are distant seconds…, because they are infinitely more difficult to prove due to the forensic evidence being hastily sent to China for destruction.

    Moreover, debating the Historical accuracy of the Bible with brainwashed Bible thumpers is like trying to reasoning with a Psychopathic Liberal.
    They are convinced of their own infallibility and to question it brings a Tsunami of hatred and contempt upon the questioner.
    ——-
    (Mod note: “Roy”, your passion and earnestness are obvious, but I had to “redact” a couple of words below. Not due to disagreement, but per the wishes of the TOO editor. He just doesn’t want TOO to become a site for historical revisionist comments, at least not in the manner you approach it in the redacted below. Please don’t put these terms in future comments, regardless of their veracity. It’s just the way it goes here. My only alternative is to trash comments which don’t observe this policy. Please respect Dr. MacDonald’s wishes.)
    ——-
    The [REDACTED] however is rife with so many holes and contradictions that any fifth grader given a quick course on the subject could bring a Rabbi to his disrobed knees.
    Moreover, the [REDACTED] does not have the same level of “Psychopathic Religiosity” attached to it that Liberalism or X-tianity has.
    Jews depend on an addiction to the flesh of their Fellow Criminals for their survival and by savaging one Racial Criminal Conspiracy, that the already discredited lying Mass Media staunchly upholds; it may well serve to bring the entire Race of Criminals under the microscope.
    The rest will be White History in the making!

    • RoyAlbrecht's Gravatar RoyAlbrecht
      January 10, 2017 - 3:41 am | Permalink

      Sorry about that.
      I do my best to avoid actually getting into specifics regarding the “[…Redacted…]” subject matter and assumed that simply debating about whether or not it would serve our purposes to even debate the “[…Redacted…]” material would be helpful in exposing the general In-Group Criminal Proclivities of Jews and thereby hasten an Aryan (as opposed to ‘Jew’) World Order.
      My nature seems to be to dig at the root of problems instead of trimming the branches there of. I sincerely do not wish to cause trouble around here.
      —–
      (Mod.note: Roy, isn’t [Redacted] a fun and useful term? It “winks” the point without saying it.)
      —–

      And I sincerely mean that.

      Since trying to set up my own publishing company specializing in “[…Redacted…]” related material,
      I am just now starting to realize the difficulties involved with just getting a successful site up and running without having to worry about the both constant threat of having one’s ISP shutting you down due to threats they receive from the Race of Criminal Conspirators
      or worse still
      getting hit with a Hate Crimes type of Anti-Semitism lawsuit to bankrupt the site and Criminalize the owner(s).

      In Iceland we really do have Free Speech, so at least the threat of the latter does not exist here, but Jewish money is all-pervasive and the former certainly does apply. It’s a real problem!
      Imagine a world where the Jewish Mafia tries to kill you for telling the truth and where the victimized population is so stupid and cowardly that the whistle blower is left hung out to dry!
      What a pathetic state of affairs this world has come to!

      Thank you for all you hard work.

      One last question:

      If I am a student enrolled in part-time studies at a private Icelandic language Institute or a private Multimedia Vocational institute, would I qualify for the international student rate for TOQ?

      • RoyAlbrecht's Gravatar RoyAlbrecht
        January 10, 2017 - 2:58 pm | Permalink

        (Mod. Note: I assumed this was a private.message for this moderator, so I deleted your note from public view. We appreciate your efforts too, thank you.)

  14. Last Saxon's Gravatar Last Saxon
    January 9, 2017 - 3:38 am | Permalink

    I wish Dr. Joyce had also included the works of Bruno Bauer.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bruno_Bauer

    Trivia:
    Christian Bale is not Welsh. He is English. He was just raised in Wales.

  15. meh's Gravatar meh
    January 9, 2017 - 1:05 am | Permalink

    Jan Assmann’s “Moses the Egyptian” is also useful reading on this topic: https://www.amazon.com/Moses-Egyptian-Memory-Western-Monotheism/dp/0674587391

  16. Kartoffelsalat's Gravatar Kartoffelsalat
    January 8, 2017 - 9:32 pm | Permalink

    It not just the Old Testament but the very book of Revelation is anti-Roman and anti-Babylonian. This is not surprising after Titus sacked Jerusalem and the Babylonian captivity of the Old Testament.

    As for so-called Christian Zionists, Gordon Robertson, the son of Pat Robertson firmly believes Berlin is “Satan’s Seat” on account of the Pergamon Museum and based on passages in the book of Revelation.

    If you examine festivals like Passover (Egyptians), Purim (Haman in Persia/Iran) and Hanukkah (Greco-Syrians) the common thread is perception of oppression and subsequent triumph over enemies.

    This narrative continues in Hollywood films with mainly German (mostly played by English actors as in the films like “Indiana Jones”) and Arab as villains (the book “Reel Bad Arabs”).

  17. January 8, 2017 - 8:55 pm | Permalink

    http://www.barenakedislam.com/2017/01/08/british-woman-i-was-forced-to-be-a-sex-slave-for-muslims-for-13-years/

    It took time to me to realize that the Jewish hostile elite is quite happy with Rotherham, Rochdale child sexual exploitation, with mass rape of German women, with everything else. They force dysgenics on us, eugenics on themselves. Same as their forefather Jacob did with cattle.

  18. David Ashton's Gravatar David Ashton
    January 8, 2017 - 5:58 pm | Permalink

    There are some interesting, scholarly and valuable articles about Moses by Neil Godfrey on his Vridar site (archive easily accessed online). I recommend them although he personally has permanently banned any contributions from me, because I kept pointing out – in connection with current Islamic terrorism – the contrast between the aggressive “militarism” of Muhammad in the Quran and the self-abnegating “pacifism” of Jesus in the Gospels.

    Of course, both the Muslim and Christian “fables” themselves depend on those in the “Old Testament”.

    • David Ashton's Gravatar David Ashton
      January 13, 2017 - 4:26 am | Permalink

      If possible please erase ALL my comments on this website as snowflake protection. There will not be any more in future.

  19. lou's Gravatar lou
    January 8, 2017 - 5:35 pm | Permalink

    Off Topic, Orthodox Jews in a Gang attack Black man and partially blind the man, jews raise money for attacker,

    http://nypost.com/2017/01/08/man-who-beat-gay-student-should-give-up-money-raised-for-defense-suit/

  20. Ritual's Gravatar Ritual
    January 8, 2017 - 5:25 pm | Permalink

    Sheesh, this article and the research it contains is completely amazing. Thank you.

    I’m not very good at the Bible, but it seems like a whole new front if not dimension has unexpectedly opened up.

    So if I understand this right, Russell Gmirkin’s research from 2006 has just validated as accurate the 2,300 year old historical data recorded by an Egyptian Priest named Manetho that had been condemned as anti-semitism all those 2,300 years.
    That’s really cool.

  21. Lothar von Trotha's Gravatar Lothar von Trotha
    January 8, 2017 - 5:19 pm | Permalink

    There are some pretty silly people like Dr. Paul L. Maier, who argues that the lack of Egyptian accounts of being defeated by Jews in battle is evidence that Jews defeated Egyptians in battle, since the arrogant pharaohs would have covered it up. They’re not very convincing, however, the miracles like parting the Red Sea have of course long been dismissed but there seems to be a general consensus as well that the Exodus in any form resembling the Torah’s account has zero evidence. Israeli archaeologists have turned up nothing, the 40 years of wandering the Sinai are an absurdity. Self-congratulatory fabrications of triumphing over the evil goy ruler and irrational goy mob who tried to oppress Jews for no reason, but were defeated in the end, form a pretty familiar pattern.

    The anti-semitic South lynched Leo Frank, oy gevalt, the Czar blamed his own failings on the Jews to get the serfs off his back, Edward I bankrupted his realm with wars and blamed the Jews who he forced to be usurers by keeping them from owning land, Titus and the wicked Romans destroyed the temple and terrorized women and children at Masada, Antiochus IV Epiphanes was a bastid who persecuted Jews for no reason, on and on it goes. It’s like the crazy girlfriend that steals from your wallet, cheats on you, slashes your tires, and tries to burn your house down, just like her last 6 boyfriends, and is certain that the problem lies with all of them. You can’t reason with such people, you can only keep them away from you.

    I suspect that Jews were up to their usual patterns of behavior along coastal cities, Alexandria in particular, during the Ptolemies’ rule and were kicked out for the usual reasons, with the story backdated to justify previous slaughters of competing tribes. Crying out in pain as they strike you has a very, very long history for them, I don’t know if there’s a single historian willing to put forth for peer review an account that suggests Jews being sensibly punished or removed for their own misbehavior, the narrative has to hold up in the past as in the present, for the same reason “racism” must be discredited at all times: like Paul Krugman said, if people start learning one thing they’ll move on to the next and here comes this “irrational goy mob” coming to expel them again. They ensure the process by trying to stop the process.

    Supposedly, every European settler in the Americas “deserved” any attacks by natives, any resident of Dresden essentially deserved to be firebombed, no tears will be shed for the residents of Syria-Palestine when Khalid ibn al-Walid and his successors conquered their lands, but every edict of expulsion or other measure against Jews throughout history was the result of scapegoating or hysteria over blood libels from some benighted bigot of a ruler who deserved whatever happened to them afterward. This sort of compulsive recitation of the Purim narrative is mandatory for one people in particular, unless you are Peter Novick or someone else in their tribe, but any gentile who dares suggest they are anything but permanent victim/conquerors must be silenced and discredited, thus it goes from Manetho to the present.

    Thanks for the article, it was as much a pleasure to read as all of Dr. Joyce’s works are, the man is a scholar and a gentleman.

  22. January 8, 2017 - 5:14 pm | Permalink

    Nero is another historical personage in need of revisionist buffing-up.
    http://www.big-lies.org/hitler-adolf/hitler-mein-kampf-review.html#nero
    is a section comparing the policies and demonisation of Nero, with ditto for Hitler.
    .
    On Plato, I wouldn’t be surprised if the ‘philosopher-king’ idea was inserted into the myth of ‘Jesus Christ’ by Jews; the idea being to give fantasy-inclined individuals to follow strategies opposite of Jewish racist clannishness. The idea of a solitary wanderer, who preaches and impresses vast numbers of people, appeals to certain other-wordly types, as does the promotion of ‘revolution’ — both attitudes being opposed to the methodology of Jews.
    .
    I’d like to insert a plea for a bullet-pointed, shorter version of the article. Complicated titles are obstructive for many people!

  23. January 8, 2017 - 5:11 pm | Permalink

    This is a really interesting, informative, top-notch article. Great scholarship. Thank you, Dr. Joyce.

  24. January 8, 2017 - 5:04 pm | Permalink

    Yes, by now I am convinced that the Exodus was just a series of expulsions, not even the first times that Jews were being expelled. Now I have matured the belief that Partition of Poland was a cakewalk because Jews have already hollowed it up. Basically as a country reaches a certain amount of Jews, it’s bound for collapse. Happened to Poland, Russia, Germany, now happening in the USA. Most evidently Torah teaches plunder. I have come to believe that Israel will plainly collapse, implode. Too many Jews per square km. Far beyond carrying capability. It only stands up because of the billions that Jews plunder from us, all the while trying to exterminate us. A really silly parasite, but that’s a topic for another day. The topic now is, how will we survive, how will we limit the damage of this parasite.

  25. T. J.'s Gravatar T. J.
    January 8, 2017 - 4:00 pm | Permalink

    This is a coup: the (((Homeland Security))) takeover of US elections

    On a scale of importance from 1 to 10, with 10 being the most important, this breaking development is a 500.

    by Jon Rappoport

    January 8, 2017

    On Friday, the traditional day of the week for quietly releasing big news that will hopefully be ignored by the public—and also obscured by the Fort Lauderdale Airport shooting—the chief of Homeland Security announced that his office will be taking over US elections.

    If you can’t see the coup in progress, you need to keep looking until the message comes through.

    Read carefully—ABC News reports. My comments are in brackets:

    “Citing increasingly sophisticated cyber bad actors and an election infrastructure that’s ‘vital to our national interests’, Homeland Security Secretary Jeh Johnson announced Friday that he’s designating U.S. election systems critical infrastructure…”

    [Also known as: “we’re taking over.”]

    “’Given the vital role elections play in this country, it is clear that certain systems and assets of election infrastructure meet the definition of critical infrastructure, in fact and in law’,” Johnson said in a statement. He added: ‘Particularly in these times, this designation is simply the right and obvious thing to do’.”

    [Also known as: “we’re taking over.”]

    https://jonrappoport.wordpress.com/2017/01/08/this-is-a-coup-the-homeland-security-takeover-of-us-elections/

  26. Bramble's Gravatar Bramble
    January 8, 2017 - 2:07 pm | Permalink

    This article is astonishing…staggering, especially for a Christian, because truth shines radiantly from it. Every Christian should read it, and deluded Christian Zionists most of all. It makes you wonder whether the real reason for the burning of the Great Library at Alexandria was to destroy all documents contradicting the (((approved version))). And it confirms the belief of New Testament Christians that our faith, and our Compassionate Heavenly Father, are entirely separate from the vengeful, bloodthirsty Old Testament Yahweh=Yareah the Moon God of Jericho. Just like the Jewish Kaballah=the K’aba Allah of Islam: Kaba meaning “cube”: the black “Cube God” they run around in Mecca, like the black cubes rabbis wear on their foreheads. I can’t write any more just now—I am too shell-shocked.

    • January 8, 2017 - 5:24 pm | Permalink

      I hate to say this, but I think you’re wrong — Jews invented the ‘New Testament’ as a collection of fictional scripts, mainly as ‘epistles’, notably by Saul/Paul, and by gospels. There were probably inserted into the Greco-Roman world by simple repetition, just as ‘Holocaustianity’ is being promoted at the present time, and may succeed within a century or two. All the material about ‘Jesus’ is third-rate stories, with no unifying view, no useful opinions on anything. The total information, even if it were true, amounts to about 23 days of the life of ‘Jesus’.

    • Franklin Ryckaert's Gravatar Franklin Ryckaert
      January 8, 2017 - 7:03 pm | Permalink

      “…Just like the Jewish Kaballah=the K’aba Allah of Islam: Kaba meaning “cube”: the black “Cube God” they run around in Mecca…”

      Nonsense. Qabbalah means “tradition” in Hebrew. It’s literal meaning is “reception” (In modern Israel you can see written “Qabbalah” at the reception of hotels). Jews pretend that the Qabbalah is an ancient “tradition” that goes back all the way to the time of Moses on the Sinai. In reality it was created in 12-13th century Southern France and Spain.

      It is highly doubtful that the Israelites in Egypt were in reality the Hyksos. The Hyksos were a mighty people that conquered Egypt with their chariots. According to the story in Genesis the Israelites were allowed to enter Egypt as a family of poor pastors during a famine in Canaan. If they were a mighty people, the chauvinistic O.T. would surely have mentioned that.

      • Curmudgeon's Gravatar Curmudgeon
        January 9, 2017 - 6:17 am | Permalink

        “It is highly doubtful that the Israelites in Egypt were in reality the Hyksos.”

        I had trouble posting yesterday, but this statement was the essence of the post. Dr. Ashraf Ezzat goes further, claiming that the Israelites were never in Egypt, and that the biblical stories were intentionally distorted to obscure their real origin: Yemen.
        I have not read Dr. Ezzat’s book, but have read several lengthy articles he has written on the subject.
        https://ashraf62.wordpress.com/ancient-egypt-knew-no-pharaohs/
        He blames the perpetuation of the fable on “lessons” taught in synagogues, mosques, and churches.

      • Pierre de Craon's Gravatar Pierre de Craon
        January 9, 2017 - 12:06 pm | Permalink

        Attaboys to both Mr. Ryckaert and Curmudgeon.

        When I studied ancient history in college in the early sixties, the Hyksos-equals-Hebrews theory was even then presented as something that was at best past its sell-by date and at worst akin to the phlogiston theory of combustion. Yet if the far sillier man-made global warming or climate change theory exhibits the tenacious hold on life that the Hyksos theory has, we are in for many, many more decades of misery from that quadrant of the PC universe.

  27. Greg's Gravatar Greg
    January 8, 2017 - 11:10 am | Permalink

    Next to Freemasons and Jesuits organized Jews have been the greatest danger to Europeans. Hence, in Imperial Germany all three groups were suppressed and treated with suspicion.

    However, Jews are far more dangerous being tied by blood not secret oaths like the other two. Add to this a supremacist mentality clearly laid out in Talmud. I doubt folks like Mike Pence, Pat Robertson, Paula White, John Hagee, Ralph Reed, Kenneth Copeland etc would be as fanatical about Israel if they ever read the anti-gentile bile in the Talmud.

    • January 8, 2017 - 6:44 pm | Permalink

      Greg,
      You don’t have to go to the Talmud. Go to the Torah. It’s much more accessible and plenty of Torah exegesis is free.

      https://www.academia.edu/3257519/The_Book_of_Genesis_from_a_Darwinian_Perspective
      https://www.academia.edu/3316631/The_Fundamental_Structure_and_Systematic_Theology_of_the_Torah

      • Pierre de Craon's Gravatar Pierre de Craon
        January 9, 2017 - 11:40 am | Permalink

        @Rich Faussette: The essays in the links to your own articles have a certain amount of stand-alone interest, but they bear the same relation to exegesis, as that term is generally understood by its accomplished practitioners, as, say, “pottage” does to the age of pots.

        To cite just one example among scores, the interpretation that the Genesis essay applies to what is presented as the Jews’ ritual preference for sheepherding to agriculture simply ignores the specifics of Yahweh’s condemnations of Adam and Eve in chapter 3 (q.v.), condemnations that have been the subject of centuries of systematic study on the basis of language, custom, history (both strictly secular history and Heilsgeschichte), and psychology—disciplines far more ancient and, may I say, more firmly founded than the “Darwinian perspective.”

        This lack of familiarity emerges in the essay’s curious conclusion that Yahweh found Abel’s sacrifice acceptable and Cain’s unacceptable because the former was a sheepherder and the latter a farmer despite the utter absence of any such suggestion in the actual text of chapter 4. In fact, Yahweh’s sober reproof to Cain is concerned, not with the source or matter of the sacrifice offered, but with Cain’s anger at His displeasure! Nor would an informed biblical exegete fail to note in the analysis of this incident a disregard or lack of awareness of this being the ur-instance, in both Testaments, of God’s frequently repeated pattern of preferring the younger to the elder, the weaker to the stronger, the poorer to the richer, and so on—in other words, a pattern whose primary characteristic is an insistence upon the independence of divine justice and action from human or tribal convention. The parable of the Laborers in the Vineyard is, for Christians, the clearest expression of this insistence, of course. Yet what modern-day employer would escape severe punishment by an (((American))) court were he to attempt to pay his employees (non-Jews at any rate) on so “arbitary” a basis?

        Also overlooked (at least unmentioned) in the same passage of the essay is something that was well known to the first readers of Luke’s account of the birth of Christ and was almost certainly a fixed element of the Judaic outlook prior to the Babylonian Captivity, whence the present recension of Genesis stems. I speak of the ritual uncleanness of shepherds, generally speaking, and the extraordinarily low regard in which they and their animals were held by the Hebrew elders and power elite.* As necessary as mutton and lamb may have been to the Hebrews’ survival, the offensive and inescapable stench of sheep and shepherds and the gypsylike attitude toward others’ property that shepherds routinely exhibited seem not to be of interest to the “Darwinian perspective” the essay is written from.

        On the other hand, as weakly reasoned as Greg’s first paragraph was, he was correct about the Talmud’s “anti-gentile bile”—indeed his wording is noteworthy for circumspection—though his suspicion that the guys he named would become less “fanatical about Israel” were they to read the Talmud errs generously in assuming that the attitudes of these bought-and-paid-for flacks for International Jewry were formed in blameless ignorance of the facts. I know more about Robertson and Reed than I do about all the others combined, but however marked and long-standing my distaste for them, they are plainly knaves rather than fools. The wool pulled over their eyes is there by choice, not honest error.
        _________________________
        *This should hardly be surprising to us moderns, whose daily lives would be unimaginable without an untold number of antithetical and paradoxical discomforts. Who can imagine a functioning society without sanitation or septic-system-maintenance workers? Yet who wants his children to be the ones who have to make a living from these occupations? Likewise, in the biblical context the very events in Luke’s account of the first Christmas, wherein the angelic heralds of the Redeemer’s birth address not the exalted but the unclean, are as radically antithetical to the givens of the Jewish mind-set as are dozens of earlier antitheses in the Old Testament and such celebrated New Testament examples as those memorialized in the expressions “good shepherd,” “good Samaritan,” and “good thief,” not to overlook Christ’s similarly non-Darwinian associations with ex-tax collectors, women of formerly questionable virtue, and serving officers of the Roman army of occupation.

    • Pierre de Craon's Gravatar Pierre de Craon
      January 8, 2017 - 8:35 pm | Permalink

      Next to Freemasons and Jesuits organized Jews have been the greatest danger to Europeans. Hence, …

      The “hence” has no necessary connection with what precedes or follows it; it is a fragment of faux-rationality that the writer of the sentence has substituted for evidence in the hope that no one will notice.

      I notice. Others certainly do, too.

      The Jews, their wholly owned subsidiaries (Muslims, high-degree Freemasons, et al.), their toadies, and those they’ve brainwashed have been doing this sort of thing for centuries. For example, “Hitler loved representational painting and Wagner’s music. Hence, …” Need I go on?

      • Curmudgeon's Gravatar Curmudgeon
        January 9, 2017 - 6:02 am | Permalink

        “The “hence” has no necessary connection with what precedes or follows…”
        Even if it did, it is the wrong tense. Thence not hence.

  28. January 8, 2017 - 9:24 am | Permalink

    History is but lies agreed upon.

    – Napoleon

    • Charles Frey's Gravatar Charles Frey
      January 8, 2017 - 10:18 am | Permalink

      He omitted to add ” …by the victors “; who, in any case, are always one and the same.

  29. Guest's Gravatar Guest
    January 8, 2017 - 2:22 am | Permalink

    This article has reinforced what I know of Lashon Hara (“evil speech” in Judaic law and practices): in Judaism, anything which is considered negative must not be spoken, heard or thought about, EVEN IF IT IS TRUE. Thus, Truth is not objective, but always subjective, especially with regard to Jewish self-interest and community cohesion. It is particularly wrong, according to the Talmud, to hear negative speech (about people, things, events) because the hearer had the power to stop this ‘evil speech’ but failed to do so. In references to Lashon Hara, there is mention of biblical passages concerning a ‘skin disease’ which occurs in a person who either speaks or hears ‘evil speech’ and this Lashon Hara is blamed for much of the misfortunes which have presumably befallen the Jews (Exodus, Destruction of the Second Temple, etc) so it may indeed be part of the folk lore arising from this supposed skin disease that resulted in a foreign people being expelled from Egypt. What seems incontestable is that this concept (law) of Lashon Hara has been grafted onto Western countries’ laws as ‘hate speech’ largely through the influence of Jewish bodies (in Britain, the British Board of Jewish Deputies and the support of several Jewish Home Secretaries). One of the most potent ways to combat the present war against freedom of speech in the West is to expose this ideology as the source of these restrictions.

    • Henry's Gravatar Henry
      January 8, 2017 - 5:39 pm | Permalink

      Good comment. By happy coincidence I was explaining the incorporation of this nonsense into English Law to my wife over dinner this evening. The skin condition which is said to arise as punishment for employment of an ‘evil tongue’ is generally described as “tzaraath” and is mentioned in the Torah in relation to Moses and his sister Miriam.

      • Charles Frey's Gravatar Charles Frey
        January 9, 2017 - 1:09 pm | Permalink

        Henry, ” the incorporation of this nonsense into English Law ” has also occurred in Canada. ‘Almost’ imperceptibly. Apart from formal jurisprudence, Ontario now holds its ‘formal commencement of the court year’ in September, to “honor the calendar of ‘other’ religions “. Changed from the traditional first part of January, as well as from a nearby Anglican Church to a secular, large court room.
        Hope this earns you an extra portion of dessert at dinner.

        • Charles Frey's Gravatar Charles Frey
          January 9, 2017 - 1:21 pm | Permalink

          “Commencement” to be read as opening or start, not as in commencement at graduation ceremonies.

    • Lothar von Trotha's Gravatar Lothar von Trotha
      January 8, 2017 - 5:41 pm | Permalink

      This is precisely the way in which “scientific racism” gave way to the hoax science of Boas, Montagu, Gould, etc.

      They poked holes that weren’t really holes in that “crazy old scientific racism” by associating it with legitimately fraudulent science of the day (which is itself not as silly as it seems, someone like Joseph Priestley could simultaneously be making important advances while being wrong about the pseudoscience of phlogiston, Newton held many beliefs that were ridiculous by modern standards and was probably the most brilliant mind in all of history) or outright lying about Morton’s skull findings, as Gould did, while ignoring Boas’s far more absurd theories about immigrant skulls. Pump up those guys’ reputations, try to poke little holes in Rushton, Jensen, Lynn, or Murray and Hernstein, insist that people at least drop using terms like “race” and speak more vaguely, while insisting that no policy implications come from any of it, and they’ve won without ever bothering to actually correct false science with correct science, while masquerading the whole charade as the triumph of “modern” over “outdated” science.

      The whole process is a modern reenactment of suppressing Lashon Hara, as are many other beliefs we must declare as sacrosanct, or else. The realms of subjectivity and objectivity are carefully maneuvered and manipulated to determine for us what can or can not be deemed either one, what can or can not be thought or said. It’s all a manifestation of trying to lead people into what O’Brien was forcing Winston to do at the end of 1984, looking at a dog right in front of him and confirming that is, indeed, a cat, or 2+2=5 in that case. That is the point at which you have total control and free rein to do anything you like when your subject is terrified to even admit the obvious fact that you are destroying him.

    • Bramble's Gravatar Bramble
      January 9, 2017 - 4:22 am | Permalink

      Your description of how the strange Jewish concept of “Lashon Hara” is being forced upon the goyim as “hate speech” laws is another shocker. Thank you for that! There are also some interesting new scientific discoveries of a “Genetic Predisposition to Leprosy”, though specific populations have not yet been identified.

  30. Celt Darnell's Gravatar Celt Darnell
    January 7, 2017 - 10:00 pm | Permalink

    This is an incredible article — both well-argued and well-researched. I actually was aware of much of this story, but not Gmirkin’s work. I now intend to read it myself.

    As for Gmirkin’s research not being very well known, speaking as one who works in academia, I’ve noticed that books which in any way question — even obliquely — Jewish interpretations, tend to remain obscure for some strange reason…

    Thank you for this.

    • January 8, 2017 - 6:40 pm | Permalink

      Gmirkin’s new book is $170.00. That may be why he is not so well known.

      • Celt Darnell's Gravatar Celt Darnell
        January 13, 2017 - 11:05 am | Permalink

        Thank God for libraries.

  31. Charles Frey's Gravatar Charles Frey
    January 7, 2017 - 4:34 pm | Permalink

    After several years at a renowned Seminary, having left after being forced to redo all of my courses, repeatedly, here is my understanding of this article:
    Passover is a ‘simply must’ annual office party at the Real Estate Law Firm of Moses & Co., commemorating its Senior Partner’s transcription of a somewhat partial God’s infallible decision to grant land, torn from one people, to newcomers.

  32. David Ashton's Gravatar David Ashton
    January 7, 2017 - 12:20 pm | Permalink

    Critical thought on the treatment of Moses by Otto Rank (“Myth of the Birth of the Hero” [2015 ed]) and by Sigmund Freud might be interesting.

    I hope this suggestion is not inflammatory.

  33. Brent's Gravatar Brent
    January 7, 2017 - 10:54 am | Permalink

    We wouldn’t be in such a mess but for belief in some Middle Eastern fables. This kind of leverage only works for gullible whites raised in sunday school not the Chinese or most others.

    Sadly Trump picked a fanatical Christian Zionist like Mike Pence plus his spiritual advisor is Paula White another Israel Firster.

    • Pope Eugenius IV's Gravatar Pope Eugenius IV
      January 8, 2017 - 8:48 am | Permalink

      “We decree and order that from now on, and for all time, Christians shall not eat or drink with Jews; nor admit them to feasts, nor cohabit with them, nor bathe with them. Christians shall not allow Jews to hold civil honors over Christians, or to exercise public offices in the State. Jews cannot be merchants, Tax Collectors, or agents in the buying and selling of the produce and goods of Christians, nor their Procurators, Computers or Lawyers in matrimonial matters, nor Obstetricians; nor can they have association or partnership with Christians. No Christian can leave or bequeath anything in his last Will and Testament to Jews or their congregations. Jews are prohibited from erecting new synagogues. They are obliged to pay annually a tenth part of their goods and holdings. Against them Christians can testify, but the testimony of Jews against Christians in no case is of any value. All and every single Jew, of whatever sex and age, must everywhere wear the distinct dress and known marks by which they can be evidently distinguished from Christians. They cannot live among Christians, but in a certain street, separated and segregated from Christians, and outside which they cannot under any pretext have houses.”

      ;)

      • Charles Frey's Gravatar Charles Frey
        January 8, 2017 - 1:41 pm | Permalink

        Love your double-entendre of the second half of your handle.

  34. January 7, 2017 - 9:13 am | Permalink

    They lavishly and with too much flatter talk of Jewish genius, never of Jewish privilege. They talk of White privilege, in White countries.

  35. Rich Faussette's Gravatar Rich Faussette
    January 7, 2017 - 8:27 am | Permalink

    Dr.Joyce,
    In Russell Gmirkin’s new book, there is further evidence of the reality that has been obscured:

    Plato and the Creation of the Hebrew Bible
    London-New York: Routledge, 2016
    http://russellgmirkin.com/newest-plato-book

    Gmirkin finds: A striking number of [Biblical] legal parallels are found to be with Athenian laws, and specifically with those found in Plato’s Laws of ca. 350 BCE.

    In the first page of Book 1 of Plato’s Laws:

    “I think, Stranger, that the aim of our institutions is easily intelligible to anyone… if you look closely, you will find that this was the intention of the Cretan legislator; *all institutions, private as well as public, were arranged by him with a view to war;* in giving them he was under the impression that no possessions or institutions are of any value to him who is defeated in battle; for all the good things of the conquered pass into the hands of the conquerors.”

    In light of Plato’s text enclosed in asterisks, consider that all of the Torah’s institutions are arranged with a view to war:

    Priestly Genesis contains the establishment of the first diaspora in which the free land owning Egyptian farmers are subjugated and enslaved.

    The rest of the Torah contains the establishment of the nation of Israel in which the nations formerly occupying the land must be put to death.

    History is progressive and dynamic. Literature is structured and static.

    “The fundamental Torah structure is a loop, with nonsedentary diaspora life established by entering Egypt from Canaan and sedentary national life established by entering Canaan from Egypt.”

    From: The Fundamental Structure and Systematic Theology of the Torah

    https://www.academia.edu/3316631/The_Fundamental_Structure_and_Systematic_Theology_of_the_Torah

    It seems entirely plausible for the overriding scope and structure of the Torah to have been determined from the arguments in the opening pages of Book 1 of Plato’s Laws.

    http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/laws.1.i.html

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